More than 5,700 people in the UK aged 65 and over are now being diagnosed every year with malignant melanoma – the most serious form of skin cancer – compared to only 600 in the middle of the 1970s. Although all age groups are showing an increase, the rise is the most dramatic in this older age group.
Dr Conal Perrett, Consultant Dermatologist and a leading expert in skin cancer at The Devonshire Clinic, a leading private skin clinic London, says that the latest figures highlight the growing skin cancer epidemic we have seen emerging over the last 30-40 years.
“Skin cancer is linked to sun exposure and these figures are a reflection of the proliferation of cheap package holidays and air travel, as well as the desire to acquire a suntan. It is only years later that the potentially dangerous effects of the sun on our skin are seen…”
It’s well known that skin cancer is linked to sun exposure. Sunbathing without sun protection, getting sunburn and not covering up when the sun is at its hottest in the middle of the day all increase skin cancer risk.
But in the 1960s and 1970s, when cheap package holidays to resorts abroad first became affordable for the average family in the UK, people were not aware of the damage the sun could do to their skin.
Having a deep tan was considered ‘healthy’ and sunbathing on a European beach was the height of luxury, a treat for the rest of the year spent working hard. While parents took care to make sure their children didn’t burn, the young adults going on holiday back then were less worried about themselves.
Four or five decades later, the skin damage that resulted from those holidays has been linked with the current increase in skin cancer in elderly people.
All cancers are more likely the older you get, but having sunburn just once a year when on holiday seems to be enough to increase the risk of all skin cancers. This includes the most aggressive, malignant melanoma, which can spread to other parts of the body and can be fatal. Over 2000 people in the UK die from malignant melanoma each year.
Read more about skin cancer…
How to stay safe in the sun
Dr Perrett’s advice is in line with that of other leading experts and the British Association of Dermatologists:
To avoid skin damage due to ultra violet light:
- Cover up – wear a tee-shirt in the hottest part of the day. Make sure the material is not too thin – you can get sunburn through some fabric. Wear a hat and sunglasses.
- Use a high quality sunblock – at least factor 30 and a reputable brand. Apply every 3-4 hours and after swimming.
- Stay in the shade – particularly in the hottest part of the day. Locals retire for a siesta for good reasons.
- No sunbeds – never be tempted to use a sunbed to pre-tan or to maintain a holiday tan. Spray tans are extremely good these days and will give you a tanned appearance without the danger.
Sun awareness week
Every year in the UK, the British Association of Dermatologists runs an awareness campaign. This aims to let people know how to stay safe in the sun during their holidays. And during the British Summer, because getting sunburned at home also increases your risk of skin cancer.
In 2015, Sun Awareness week is 5-11 May.
You also need to think about…
Dr Perrett adds some reminders about situations in which you can get sunburnt, even if you think you are playing safe:
- Spring sunshine – even in the UK we do have some warm sunny days early in the year – Easter this year has been very warm for most of the country. You still need sunscreen because even this ‘weak’ sunlight can cause skin damage.
- Hazy sunshine – the sun’s ultraviolet rays can penetrate mist and haze so take care in situations such as a sea mist or a hazy but warm summer day.
- At the seaside – the air feels cooler by the sea, particularly in UK resorts. Don’t be fooled – if the sun is shining, use sunscreen. The rays are reflected back from the water and are still dangerous.
- Snow and sunshine – going on a skiing holiday? You can get sunburnt in January in the freezing cold without proper sunscreen. Like water, the snow is a great reflector so those ultraviolet rays are extremely intense.